• Civilisations

    Niall Ferguson

    Comment l'Europe de l'Ouest est-elle parvenue à partir du XVe siècle à prendre le dessus sur la Chine, l'Inde et l'Empire ottoman, alors au faîte de leur puissance, et à imposer au monde ses normes et son mode de vie ? Au coeur de son analyse, Niall Ferguson nous livre les six clés de cette réussite : la concurrence, source d'innovation ; la science, garante de la supériorité militaire ; le droit de propriété, pilier de la démocratie représentative ; la médecine, source de mieux-être collectif ; la société de consommation, moteur de l'industrialisation ; enfin, l'éthique du travail, ciment des institutions. En les parcourant une à une, il témoigne tout autant de son érudition que de ses talents de pédagogue.
    Mais demain ? Comment maintenir cette supériorité, quand le reste du monde a peu ou prou fait siennes les recettes du miracle occidental ? Comment empêcher que le déclin relatif de l'Occident ne devienne absolu et irréversible ? À ces questions, dont dépend notre devenir, l'auteur apporte sa réponse, qui ne manquera pas de faire débat : le principal ennemi de l'Occident n'est autre que lui-même. Il ne tient qu'à lui de retrouver son rang, en reprenant confiance dans la solidité et la supériorité de ses institutions.

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  • L'histoire que l'on nous a enseignée est institutionnelle et hiérarchique. Ses acteurs sont les papes, les rois, les empereurs. Mais cette histoire officielle ne passe-t-elle pas à côté des réseaux, tout aussi puissants mais moins visibles, entretenant alors les fantasmes des théories conspirationnistes ?
    Le XXIe siècle a été qualifié d'âge des réseaux. Pourtant, Niall Ferguson le montre dans ce livre, les réseaux sociaux n'ont rien de nouveau. Qu'il s'agisse des imprimeurs et des prédicateurs qui ont fait la Réforme, ou des loges maçonniques et de leur rôle dans la révolution américaine, les réseaux - la Place - ont depuis toujours défié le monde ancien des hiérarchies - la Tour.
    Des Illuminati aux cercles des Lumières, de l'empire colonial britannique aux espions de la guerre froide, des récentes privatisations aux GAFA, Niall Ferguson propose une analyse radicalement nouvelle des organisations humaines. À quelles conditions les réseaux peuvent-ils conquérir les chaires, le pouvoir, la richesse ? Comment expliquer qu'ils supplantent aujourd'hui des structures hiérarchiques en voie d'épuisement ?

    Une lecture indispensable pour comprendre la complexité du monde.

  • «Il y a un secret financier derrière chaque grand phénomène historique et c'est le projet de ce livre d'en éclairer les plus importants ». Avec clarté et intelligence, Niall Ferguson démontre comment un assassin écossais a provoqué la bulle boursière qui a préparé le terrain pour la Révolution française. Il montre comment l'impéritie financière a transformé l'Argentine en étude de cas sur l'inflation. Et comment une autre révolution larvée (les subprimes) a fait de la Chine une superpuissance. Mais tôt ou tard les bulles éclatent, les vendeurs pessimistes supplantent les acheteurs optimistes, l'avidité se mue en panique. Précis et documenté, sans verser dans l'anecdotique, Ferguson parcourt avec aisance l'histoire des plus grandes bulles de l'histoire. Chacun des épisodes retracés dans cette histoire financière du monde trouve un écho particulier dans la crise actuelle.

  • Is America the new world empire? Presidents from Lincoln to Bush may have denied it but, as Niall Ferguson's brilliant and provocative book shows, the US is the greatest military and economic colossus of all time.

  • @00000327@@00000327@@00000327@From the bestselling author of @00000373@The Ascent of Money @00000155@and @00000373@The Square and the Tower,@00000155@ t@00000327@he definitive biography of Henry Kissinger, based on unprecedented access to his private papers.@00000133@@00000133@@00000341@@00000341@Winner of the Council on Foreign Relations Arthur Ross Book Award@00000133@@00000133@@00000341@@00000341@No American statesman has been as revered or as reviled as Henry Kissinger. Once hailed as @00000041@ldquo;Super K@00000041@rdquo;--the @00000041@ldquo;indispensable man@00000041@rdquo; whose advice has been sought by every president from Kennedy to Obama--he has also been hounded by conspiracy theorists, scouring his every @00000041@ldquo;telcon@00000041@rdquo; for evidence of Machiavellian malfeasance. Yet as Niall Ferguson shows in this magisterial two-volume biography, drawing not only on Kissinger@00000065@s hitherto closed private papers but also on documents from more than a hundred archives around the world, the idea of Kissinger as the ruthless arch-realist is based on a profound misunderstanding.@00000341@@00000341@The first half of Kissinger@00000065@s life is usually skimmed over as a quintessential tale of American ascent: the Jewish refugee from Hitler@00000065@s Germany who made it to the White House. But in this first of two volumes, Ferguson shows that what Kissinger achieved before his appointment as Richard Nixon@00000065@s national security adviser was astonishing in its own right. Toiling as a teenager in a New York factory, he studied indefatigably at night. He was drafted into the U.S. infantry and saw action at the Battle of the Bulge--as well as the liberation of a concentration camp--but ended his army career interrogating Nazis. It was at Harvard that Kissinger found his vocation. Having immersed himself in the philosophy of Kant and the diplomacy of Metternich, he shot to celebrity by arguing for @00000041@ldquo;limited nuclear war.@00000041@rdquo; Nelson Rockefeller hired him. Kennedy called him to Camelot. Yet Kissinger@00000065@s rise was anything but irresistible. Dogged by press gaffes and disappointed by @00000041@ldquo;Rocky,@00000041@rdquo; Kissinger seemed stuck--until a trip to Vietnam changed everything.@00000341@ @00000341@@00000373@The Idealist @00000155@is the story of one of the most important strategic thinkers America has ever produced. It is also a political @00000373@Bildungsroman@00000155@, explaining how @00000041@ldquo;Dr. Strangelove@00000041@rdquo; ended up as consigliere to a politician he had always abhorred. Like Ferguson@00000065@s classic two-volume history of the House of Rothschild, @00000373@Kissinger@00000155@ sheds dazzling new light on an entire era. The essential account of an extraordinary life, it recasts the Cold War world.

  • THE NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER 'Silicon Valley needed a history lesson and Ferguson has provided it' Eric Schmidt Most history is about the people at the top of the towers of power. But what if the real action is in the social networks down below, in the town squares? Niall Ferguson, the international bestselling author of Empire, The Ascent of Money and Civilization , brilliantly recasts past and present as an unending contest between hierarchies and networks. 'Provocative, snappy, a rare book ... fasten your seatbelts' Peter Frankopan, Daily Telegraph 'Immensely stimulating, absorbing, illuminating ... sends ideas blazing all over the place ... one of the best popular historians of our time' David Goodhart, Prospect 'Powerful, fast-paced ... a pull-yourself-together warning to the present by way of arresting historical precedent' Andrew Anthony, Guardian 'Captivating and compelling' Jonathan A. Knee, The New York Times

  • DOOM: THE POLITICS OF CATASTROPHE Nouv.

    Disasters are by their very nature hard to predict. Pandemics, like earthquakes, wildfires, financial crises and wars, are not normally distributed; there is no cycle of history to help us anticipate the next catastrophe. But when disaster strikes, we ought to be better prepared than the Romans were when Vesuvius erupted or medieval Italians when the Black Death struck. We have science on our side, after all. Yet the responses of a number of devloped countries to a new pathogen from China were badly bungled. Why?The facile answer is to blame poor leadership. While populist rulers have certainly performed poorly in the face of the pandemic, more profund problems have been exposed by COVID-19. Only when we understand the central challenge posed by disaster in history can we see that this was also a failure of an administrative state and of economic elites that had grown myopic over much longer than just a few years. Why were so many Cassandras for so long ignored? Why did only some countries learn the right lessons from SARS and MERS? Why do appeals to ''the science'' often turn out to be mere magical thinking?Drawing from multiple disciplines, including history, economics and network science, Doom: The Politics of Catastrophe is a global post mortem for a plague year. Drawing on preoccupations that have shaped his books for some twenty years, Niall Ferguson describes the pathologies that have done us so much damage: from imperial hubris to bureaucratic sclerosis and online schism. COVID-19 was a test failed by countries who must learn some serious lessons from history if they are to avoid the doom of irreversible decline.>

  • Anglais Great degeneration, the

    Niall Ferguson

    The decline of the West is something that has long been prophesied. Symptoms of decline are all around us today: slowing growth, crushing debts, aging populations. But what exactly is amiss with Western civilization? This book presents a indictment of an era of negligence and complacency.

  • Anglais Civilization

    Niall Ferguson

    If in the year 1411 you had been able to circumnavigate the globe and compare the dazzling civilizations of the Orient with Europe and North America, the idea that the West would dominate the Rest for most of the next half millennium would have struck you as wildly fanciful. So how did it happen? This book presents the answers.

  • If in the year 1411 you had been able to circumnavigate the globe, you would have been most impressed by the dazzling civilizations of the Orient. The Forbidden City was under construction in Ming Beijing; in the Near East, the Ottomans were closing in on Constantinople. By contrast, England would have struck you as a miserable backwater ravaged by plague, bad sanitation and incessant war. The other quarrelsome kingdoms of Western Europe - Aragon, Castile, France, Portugal and Scotland - would have seemed little better. As for fifteenth-century North America, it was an anarchic wilderness compared with the realms of the Aztecs and Incas. The idea that the West would come to dominate the Rest for most of the next half millennium would have struck you as wildly fanciful. And yet it happened. What was it about the civilization of Western Europe that allowed it to trump the outwardly superior empires of the Orient? The answer, Niall Ferguson argues, was that the West developed six «killer applications» that the Rest lacked: competition, science, democracy, medicine, consumerism and the work ethic. The key question today is whether or not the West has lost its monopoly on these six things. If so, Ferguson warns, we may be living through the end of Western ascendancy. Civilization takes readers on their own extraordinary journey around the world - from the Grand Canal at Nanjing to the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul; from Machu Picchu in the Andes to Shark Island, Namibia; from the proud towers of Prague to the secret churches of Wenzhou. It is the story of sailboats, missiles, land deeds, vaccines, blue jeans and Chinese Bibles. It is the defining narrative of modern world history.

  • Anglais HIGH FINANCIER

    Niall Ferguson

    In this groundbreaking biography, based on more than 10,000 hitherto unavailable letters and diary entries, Niall Ferguson returns to his roots as a financial historian to tell the story of the extraordinary Siegmund Warburg. A refugee from Hitler's Germany, Warburg rose to become the dominant figure in the post-war City of London and one of the architects of European financial integration. Seared by events in the 1930s, when the long-established Warburg bank was first almost destroyed by the Depression and then 'Aryanized' by the Nazis, Warburg was determined that his own bank would learn from the past and contribute to the economic recovery of Britain, the unity of Western Europe and the birth of globalization. Siegmund Warburg was a complex and ambivalent man, as much a psychologist, politician and actor-manager as a banker. In High Financier Niall Ferguson reveals Warburg's idiosyncracies but above all he recaptures the meticulous business methods and strict ethical code that set Warburg apart from the mere speculators and traders who inhabit today's financial world.

  • From the cash injection that funded the Italian Renaissance to the stock market bubble that sparked the French Revolution, from the bonds that fueled Britain's war effort to the Wall Street Crash and meltdown, this book presents the story of boom and bust. It shows that finance is the foundation of all human progress and the lifeblood of history.

  • « Oseille, blé, galette, flouze, fraîche, fric, espèces, sous, moyens, dites-le comme vous voudrez : l'argent compte. Les chrétiens y voient la source de tous les maux ; les généraux, le nerf de la guerre ; les révolutionnaires, les chaînes du labeur. » Niall Ferguson, lui, explique que la finance est à la base du progrès humain. Surtout, il montre que l'histoire de la finance est l'un des rouages essentiels de l'Histoire. L'évolution du crédit et de la dette a été aussi capitale dans l'avènement de la civilisation que n'importe quelle innovation technologique. Les banques ont financé les splendeurs de la Renaissance italienne, tandis que le marché obligataire a arbitré les conflits, de la guerre de Sept Ans à la guerre de Sécession. Avec la clarté et la verve qu'on lui connaît, Niall Ferguson démontre comment un assassin écossais a provoqué la bulle boursière ayant préparé le terrain à la Révolution française. Il montre comment l'impéritie financière a transformé l'Argentine, alors sixième nation la plus riche du monde, en étude de cas de l'inflation, et comment, en une seule génération, une autre révolution financière est en train de propulser vers la puissance le pays le plus peuplé du monde : la Chine. Mais la plus grande leçon que l'on retire de cette histoire de la finance est que, tôt ou tard, toutes les bulles éclatent ; tôt ou tard, les vendeurs pessimistes supplantent les acheteurs optimistes ; tôt ou tard, l'avidité se mue en panique. C'est pourquoi, que l'on peine à boucler ses fins de mois ou que l'on s'échine à devenir « maître de l'univers », il est plus nécessaire aujourd'hui qu'hier de comprendre la puissance de l'argent.

  • Niall Ferguson recreates the excitement, brutality and adventure of the British Empire, showing on a vast canvas how the British Empire in the 19th century spearheaded real globalization with steampower, telegraphs, guns, engineers, missionaries and millions of settlers.

  • The 20th century proved to be violent, frightening and brutalized with fanatical, often genocidal warfare engulfing most societies between the outbreak of the First World War and the end of the Cold War. What went wrong? How did we do this to ourselves? This book provides answers for these questions.

  • The ascent of money

    Niall Ferguson

    Chronicles the evolution of finance from its origins in Mesopotamia to the modern world's most recent upheavals, covering such topics as the stock market bubble that prompted the French Revolution and the theories behind common investment vehicles.

  • Examines the life of Siegmund Warburg and recaptures the business methods and ethical code that set him apart from those in the financial world today.

  • C'est en visitant les chantiers pharaoniques de la mégapole de Chongqing, en Chine, que Niall Ferguson a été saisi d'une révélation : et si nous étions en train de vivre la fin de la domination occidentale sur le monde ?
    Fasciné par le destin des empires, l'historien britannique s'est demandé par quel miracle l'Europe de l'Ouest, déchirée par les guerres du Moyen-Age, avait pu prendre le dessus sur la Chine, l'Inde, l'Empire Ottoman, alors au faîte de leur puissance, pour imposer au monde ses normes et son mode de vie.
    Les clefs de ce miracle, ces six " applis fatales " qui fondèrent pour cinq siècles la suprématie de l'Occident, Niall Ferguson les analyse ici : ce sont la concurrence, source d'innovation ; la science, garante de la domination militaire ; le droit de propriété, pilier de la démocratie représentative ; la médecine, source de mieux-être collectif ; la société de consommation, moteur de l'industrialisation ; enfin, l'éthique du travail, ciment des institutions.
    Mais demain ?... Les mêmes causes qui ont fait la grandeur de l'Occident peuvent-elles causer sa décadence ? Comment maintenir cette supériorité, quand le reste du monde a peu ou prou fait siennes les recettes du miracle occidental ? Comment enfin empêcher que le déclin relatif de l'Occident ne devienne absolu et irréversible ?
    A ces questions, dont dépend notre devenir, l'auteur du best-seller L'irrésistible ascension de l'argent, apporte sa réponse, qui ne manquera pas de faire débat : le principal ennemi de l'Occident n'est autre que lui-même. Il ne tient qu'à lui de retrouver son rang, en reprenant confiance dans la solidité et la supériorité de ses institutions.

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