Springer

  • Cet ouvrage réunit les communications présentées lors des 4es Rencontres de la Société française de cardiologie et de la Société française de radiologie qui se sont tenues à Paris les 24 et 25 mars 2011. Cette réunion - qui rassemble une année sur deux des cardiologues et radiologues spécialisés - avait pour objectif de faire le point sur la place actuelle des ces techniques en pathologie cardiovasculaire. Le thème retenu pour cette 4e édition était la place du scanner et de l'IRM en pathologie cardiovasculaire. Lors de ces journées ont été présentées les recommandations de bonne pratique clinique dans le domaine ainsi que les modalités actuelles de formation universitaire.

  • Les lymphomes cutanés

    Martine Bagot

    • Springer
    • 19 September 2013

    Premier ouvrage collectif du Groupe Français d'Etude des Lymphomes Cutanés Aspects anatomo-cliniques de chaque entité rédigés par un clinicien et un pathologiste Description de chaque sous-type de lymphome de la classification actualisée OMS/EORTC Description des différents diagnostics différentiels Référentiels de prise en charge des lymphomes T et B cutanés Cet ouvrage collectif est le premier réalisé par le Groupe français d'études des lymphomes cutanés (GFELC), groupe multidisciplinaire francophone qui émet des avis de recours pour la prise en charge des lymphomes cutanés. Les différents sous-types de lymphomes cutanés identifiés selon la classification OMS-EORTC y sont détaillés de manière conjointe par un clinicien et un pathologiste. De même, les conduites à tenir diagnostiques et thérapeutiques pour chaque sous-type y sont également décrites. Enfin, l'ouvrage présente les référentiels les plus récents de prise en charge des lymphomes cutanés T et B. Cet ouvrage est destiné aux dermatologues, pathologistes, hématologues mais aussi aux étudiants en médecine et au médecins généralistes.

  • Le reflux gastro-oesophagien traduit la remontée dans l'oesophage du contenu gastrique, gazeux ou liquidien. Il s'agit d'un phénomène physiologique qui peut, lorsqu'il est exacerbé, entraîner des symptômes perceptibles ou des complications. C'est une maladie qui se situe à la frontière des troubles fonctionnels digestifs (symptômes sans anomalie décelable) et des pathologies organiques.

    La grande fréquence de cette pathologie, l'importance de son retentissement sur la qualité de vie, et la possibilité de complications graves telles que le cancer en font un véritable problème de santé publique.

    La place du médecin généraliste est fondamentale dans la prise en charge du RGO, du fait de la prévalence élevée de cette affection dans la population générale, et de l'efficacité remarquable des médicaments anti-sécrétoires gastriques mis à la disposition du corps médical au cours des deux dernières décennies, en particulier les inhibiteurs de la pompe à protons (IPP).

    Les auteurs tentent d'apporter des réponses précises aux questions les plus fréquemment posées par les patients ou par les médecins confrontés à cette pathologie.

  • Écrire le livre que j'aurais voulu avoir dans ma sacoche lors de mes premières années de remplacement : voilà l'objectif de cet ouvrage.
    Le médecin généraliste se retrouve seul face à des situations difficiles et urgentes. Ses années d'internat lui ont appris à travailler avec l'équipe infirmière. Au domicile du patient, il doit agir seul avec « les moyens du bord ».
    Pour avoir connu ces difficultés, nous avons conçu cet ouvrage : il se veut une aide simple, efficace et complète. Il résume ce que nous avons appris du « terrain ». Il est conforme aux recommandations scientifiques.
    Destiné au jeune remplaçant et au médecin généraliste plus aguerri, ce livre apporte des réponses claires aux problèmes d'urgence à domicile. De la douleur thoracique à la colique néphrétique, les chapitres abordent l'essentiel de la pathologie rencontrée par le généraliste.
    Lisez cet ouvrage, gardez-le dans votre sacoche : il vous servira de guide pratique dans votre vie professionnelle.

  • Relative entropy has played a significant role in various fields of mathematics and physics as the quantum version of the Kullback-Leibler divergence in classical theory. Many variations of relative entropy have been introduced so far with applications to quantum information and related subjects. Typical examples are three different classes, called the standard, the maximal, and the measured f-divergences, all of which are defined in terms of (operator) convex functions f on (0,8) and have respective mathematical and information theoretical backgrounds. The a-Rényi relative entropy and its new version called the sandwiched a-Rényi relative entropy have also been useful in recent developments of quantum information.
    In the first half of this monograph, the different types of quantum f-divergences and the Rényi-type divergences mentioned above in the general von Neumann algebra setting are presented for study. While quantum information has been developing mostly in the finite-dimensional setting, it is widely believed that von Neumann algebras provide the most suitable framework in studying quantum information and related subjects. Thus, the advance of quantum divergences in von Neumann algebras will be beneficial for further development of quantum information. 
    Quantum divergences are functions of two states (or more generally, two positive linear functionals) on a quantum system and measure the difference between the two states. They are often utilized to address such problems as state discrimination, error correction, and reversibility of quantum operations. In the second half of the monograph, the reversibility/sufficiency theory for quantum operations (quantum channels) between von Neumann algebras via quantum f-divergences is explained, thus extending and strengthening Petz' previous work.
    For the convenience of the reader, an appendix including concise accounts of von Neumann algebras is provided.

  • The package of Gromov's pseudo-holomorphic curves is a major tool in global symplectic geometry and its applications, including mirror symmetry and Hamiltonian dynamics. The Kuranishi structure was introduced by two of the authors of the present volume in the mid-1990s to apply this machinery on general symplectic manifolds without assuming any specific restrictions. It was further amplified by this book's authors in their monograph Lagrangian Intersection Floer Theory and in many other publications of theirs and others. Answering popular demand, the authors now present the current book, in which they provide a detailed, self-contained explanation of the theory of Kuranishi structures.
    Part I discusses the theory on a single space equipped with Kuranishi structure, called a K-space, and its relevant basic package. First, the definition of a K-space and maps to the standard manifold are provided. Definitions are given for fiber products, differential forms, partitions of unity, and the notion of CF-perturbations on the K-space. Then, using CF-perturbations, the authors define the integration on K-space and the push-forward of differential forms, and generalize Stokes' formula and Fubini's theorem in this framework. Also, "virtual fundamental class" is defined, and its cobordism invariance is proved.
    Part II discusses the (compatible) system of K-spaces and the process of going from "geometry" to "homological algebra". Thorough explanations of the extension of given perturbations on the boundary to the interior are presented. Also explained is the process of taking the "homotopy limit" needed to handle a system of infinitely many moduli spaces. Having in mind the future application of these chain level constructions beyond those already known, an axiomatic approach is taken by listing the properties of the system of the relevant moduli spaces and then a self-contained account of the construction of the associated algebraic structures is given. This axiomatic approach makes the exposition contained here independent of previously published construction of relevant structures. 

  • This monograph focuses on the mathematical and numerical analysis of simplicial partitions and the finite element method. This active area of research has become an essential part of physics and engineering, for example in the study of problems involving heat conduction, linear elasticity, semiconductors, Maxwell's equations, Einstein's equations and magnetic and gravitational fields.
    These problems require the simulation of various phenomena and physical fields over complicated structures in three (and higher) dimensions. Since not all structures can be decomposed into simpler objects like d-dimensional rectangular blocks, simplicial partitions are important. In this book an emphasis is placed on angle conditions guaranteeing the convergence of the finite element method for elliptic PDEs with given boundary conditions. 
    It is aimed at a general mathematical audience who is assumed to be familiar with only a few basic results from linear algebra, geometry, and mathematical and numerical analysis. 

  • This book offers a wide-ranging and up-to-date overview of the basic science underlying PET and
    its preclinical and clinical applications in modern medicine. In addition, it provides the reader with a sound understanding of the scientific principles and use of PET in routine practice and biomedical imaging research. The opening sections address the fundamental physics, radiation safety, CT scanning dosimetry, and dosimetry of PET radiotracers, chemistry and regulation of PET radiopharmaceuticals, with information on labeling strategies, tracer quality control, and regulation of radiopharmaceutical production in Europe and the United States. PET physics and instrumentation are then discussed, covering the basic principles of PET and PET scanning systems, hybrid PET/CT and PET/MR imaging, system calibration, acceptance testing, and quality control. Subsequent sections focus on image reconstruction, processing, and quantitation in PET and hybrid PET and on imaging artifacts and correction techniques, with particular attention to partial volume correction and motion artifacts. The book closes by examining clinical applications of PET and hybrid PET and their physiological and/or molecular basis in conjunction with technical foundations in the disciplines of oncology, cardiology and neurology, PET in pediatric malignancy and its role in radiotherapy treatment planning. Basic Science of PET Imaging will meet the needs of nuclear medicine practitioners, other radiology specialists, and trainees in these fields.

  • Environmental chemistry is a fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. Chapters review analysis and remediation of pollutants such as greenhouse gases, chiral pharmaceuticals, dyes, chlorinated organics, arsenic, toxic metals and pathogen in air, water, plant and soil. Several highlights include the overlooked impact of air pollutants from buildings for health risk, innovative remediation techniques such as bioreactors for gas treatment, electrochemical cleaning of pharmaceuticals, sequestration on Fe-Mn nodules, phytoremediation and photocatalytical inactivation of microbial pathogens. This book will be a valuable source of information for engineers and students developing novel applied techniques to monitor and clean pollutants in air, wastewater, soils and sediments. 

  • Begutachtungen von Menschen mit psychischen Strungen sind anspruchsvoll und gelten als schwierig. Das vorliegende Standardwerk bietet deshalb einen kompakten und gleichzeitig praxisnahen Leitfaden für ärztliche und psychologische Sachverständige, aber auch eine unverzichtbare und umfassende Grundlage für Juristen. Denn richtige und faire Entscheidungen der Gerichte knnen nur gefällt werden, wenn sich Mediziner, Psychologen und Juristen untereinander verständigen knnen. Dieses Buch leistet einen wesentlichen Beitrag zu diesem nicht immer einfachen, aber notwendigen und nicht zuletzt besonders interessanten und spannenden interdisziplinären Austausch.

    Das Werk zeichnet sich aus durch

    eine praxisbezogene, verständliche und klare Darstellung der wesentlichen Aspekte der psychiatrischen und psychologischen Begutachtung, ausführliche Beispielgutachten sowie zahlreiche Fallbeispiele aus der Praxis viele Tipps zum Erstellen eines Gutachtens die Darstellung des aktuellen Stands der medizinischen, psychologischen und juristischen Literatur, inklusive der neuesten Rechtsprechung und Gesetzgebung. Mit der nun vorliegenden vierten Auflage wurde das Werk zudem grundlegend aktualisiert. 

    Das Buch ist ein wertvoller Begleiter für Mediziner, Psychologen, Juristen und alle anderen Interessierten, die mit psychiatrischen und psychologischen Gutachten zu tun haben.

  • Dieses Buch behandelt das Management der Informationssicherheit auf der Basis der neuen Fassung der Norm ISO/IEC 27001. Die Autoren erläutern kompetent den Standard und seine organisatorisch-technische Umsetzung. Dies betrifft die Anforderungen an das Informationssicherheits-Managementsystem (ISMS) genauso wie die 114 Controls aus dem Anhang der Norm. Die ausführlich kommentierten Controls unterstützen Sicherheitsverantwortliche bei der Auswahl geeigneter Sicherheitsmaßnahmen in allen Bereichen.Die Normenreihe ISO 27000 ist ein wichtiges Hilfsmittel für Unternehmen und Behrden, die ein IT-Sicherheitsmanagement in ihrer Organisation einführen und betreiben wollen. Im internationalen Kontext ist die Anwendung der ISO 27001 für viele Organisationen nahezu unverzichtbar. Nicht zuletzt mit dem deutschen IT-Sicherheitsgesetz erhält dieser Standard auch national eine hohe Bedeutung. Mit der Neufassung der Norm im Jahr 2015 (deutsche Version) müssen sich alle Organisationen entsprechend umstellen und ihr ISMS anpassen. Hierfür enthält das Buch einen entsprechenden Fahrplan.

  • This book comprises select peer-reviewed papers from the International Conference on Emerging Research in Civil, Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering (ERCAM-2019). The contents focus on the latest research trends in engineering materials, mechanics, structures and systems. A wide variety of interesting problems in civil, aeronautical and mechanical engineering have been addressed in this book through various experimental, numerical and analytical methods. The topics covered also provide insight into the challenges prevailing in the aforementioned engineering domains and the potential solutions to address those. Given the contents, the book is a valuable resource for students as well as researchers.

  • This book consists of chapters based on selected papers presented at the EcoDesign2015 symposium (9th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing). The symposium, taking place in Tokyo in December 2015, has been leading the research and practices of eco-design of products and product-related services since it was first held in 1999. The proceedings of EcoDesign2011 were also published by Springer.Eco-design of products and product-related services (or product life cycle design) are indispensable to realize the circular economy and to increase resource efficiencies of our society. This book covers the state of the art of the research and the practices in eco-design, which are necessary in both developed and developing countries. The chapters of the book, all of which were peer-reviewed, have been contributed by authors from around the world, especially from East Asia, Europe, and Southeast Asia.The features of the book include (1) coverage of the latest topics in the field, e.g., global eco-design management, data usage in eco-design, and social perspectives in eco-design; (2) an increased number of authors from Southeast Asian countries, with a greater emphasis on eco-design in emerging economies; (3) high-quality manuscripts, with the number of chapters less than half of that of the previous book.

  • This book summarizes the status quo of the knowledge about the biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine animals that live in Japan. Consisting of some 6,800 islands that are arrayed for approximately 3,500 km from north to south, the Japanese archipelago has a complex history in a paleogeographic formation process over time and harbors rich flora and fauna. This work will contribute to establishing a general biogeographic theory in archipelagoes around continental shelves.
    Facing the ongoing extinction crisis, one of the most important tasks for our generation is to bequeath this precious natural heritage to future generations. As the first step toward this goal, a species list has been compiled through solid, steady alpha-taxonomic work in each taxon. Furthermore, the phylogeography and population genetic structure for each species is elucidated for deeper understanding of the local fauna, the scientific results of which should be the basis for establishing conservation policies and strategies. Also the problem of alien or introduced species is investigated as another threat to the native fauna.Each of the 27 chapters is written by the most active specialist leading the field, thus readers can acquire up-to-date knowledge of the animal species diversity and their formation process of Japanese animals in the most comprehensive form available. This book is recommended for researchers and students who are interested in species diversity, biogeography, and phylogeography.

  • A brilliant treatment of a knotty problem in computing. This volume contains chapters written by reputable researchers and provides the state of the art in theory and algorithms for the traveling salesman problem (TSP). The book covers all important areas of study on TSP, including polyhedral theory for symmetric and asymmetric TSP, branch and bound, and branch and cut algorithms, probabilistic aspects of TSP, and includes a thorough computational analysis of heuristic and metaheuristic algorithms.

  • This book analyses essential concepts of competition law and industrial policy, and shows where the two areas clash with and complement each other, respectively. The discussion takes place in the context of developing countries, taking into consideration their realities and specific needs. South Africa serves as a real-world example for competition law that goes beyond the notion of consumer welfare. An in-depth analysis of the enforcement of South African law illustrates how the law is used both to combat the negative effects of past industrial policy, and to accommodate current economic and social needs.The book is intended for all readers with an interest in the enforcement of competition law in developing countries. It will particularly benefit those who want to learn about unorthodox approaches that integrate the concept of "public interest" and social imperatives into the application of competition law.

  • Anglais Shaping Space

    Marjorie Senechal

    Molecules, galaxies, art galleries, sculptures, viruses, crystals, architecture, and more: Shaping Space-Exploring Polyhedra in Nature, Art, and the Geometrical Imagination is an exuberant survey of polyhedra and at the same time a hands-on, mind-boggling introduction to one of the oldest and most fascinating branches of mathematics.
    Some of the world's leading geometers present a treasury of ideas, history, and culture to make the beauty of polyhedra accessible to students, teachers, polyhedra hobbyists, and professionals such as architects and designers, painters and sculptors, biologists and chemists, crystallographers, physicists and earth scientists, engineers and model builders, mathematicians and computer scientists.
    The creative chapters by more than 25 authors explore almost every imaginable side of polyhedra.  From the beauty of natural forms to the monumental constructions made by man, there is something to fascinate every reader. The book is dedicated to the memory of the legendary geometer H. S. M. Coxeter and the multifaceted design scientist Arthur L. Loeb.Contributing Authors: P. Ash, T. F. Banchoff, J. Baracs, E. Bolker, C. Chieh, R. Connelly, H.S.M. Coxeter, H. Crapo, E. Demaine, M. Demaine, G. Fleck, B. Grünbaum, I. Hargittai, M. Hargittai, G. Hart, V. Hart, A. Loeb, J. Malkevitch, B. Monson, J. O'Rourke, J. Pedersen, D. Schattschneider, M. Schmitt, E. Schulte, M. Senechal, G.C. Shephard, I. Streinu, M. Walter, M. Wenninger, W. Whiteley, J. M. Wills, and G. M. Ziegler.

  • Coral Reefs of the Gulf: Adaptation to Climatic Extremes is a complete review and reference for scientists, engineers and students concerned with the geology, biology or engineering aspects of coral reefs in the Middle East. It provides for the first time a complete review of both the geology and biology of all extant coral areas in the Gulf, the water body between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. In summer, this area is the hottest sea with abundant coral growth on earth and already today exhibits a temperature that is predicted to occur across the topical ocean in 2100. Thus, by studying the Gulf today, much can be learned about tomorrow's world and the capability of coral reefs to adapt to climatic extremes. This volume provides the most authoritative and up-to-date review of the coral reefs in the Gulf. It can be used as a volume of general reference or as a textbook treating recent coral reefs. Written by local and international experts, the text is richly illustrated and will remain a standard reference for the region for decades to come. Contributions stretch from climatology through geology, biology, ecological modelling and fisheries science to practical conservation aspects. The book is useful for the technical expert and casual reader alike.

  • The Handbook identifies all aspects of Regulatory Plant Biosecurity and discusses them from the standpoint of preventing the international movement of plant pests, diseases and weeds that negatively impact production agriculture, natural plant-resources and agricultural commerce.

  • This volume includes in a unique way theoretical and empirical contributions on the context of forced migration and resilience from the perspective of psychology and social sciences. Contributions range from analyses of individual vulnerability and exposition to investigations of community and policy reactions in host countries.

  • This book addresses the question of how competition authorities assess mergers in the Information Communication Technology (ICT) sector so as to promote competition in innovation. A closer look at the question reveals that it is far more complex and difficult to answer for the ICT, telecommunications and multi-sided platform (MSP) economy than for more traditional sectors of the economy. This has led many scholars to re-think and question whether the current merger control framework is suitable for the ICT sector, which is often also referred to as the new economy. The book pursues an interdisciplinary approach combining insights from law, economics and corporate strategy. Further, it has a comparative dimension, as it discusses the practices of the US, the EU and, wherever relevant, of other competition authorities from around the globe. Considering that the research was conducted in the EU, the practices of the European Commission remain a key aspect of the content.Considering its normative dimension, the book concentrates on the substantive aspects of merger control. To facilitate a better understanding of the most important points, the book also offers a brief overview of the procedural aspects of merger control in the EU, the US and the UK, and discusses recent amendments to Austrian and German law regarding the notification threshold. Given its scope, the book offers an invaluable guide for competition law scholars, practitioners in the field, and competition authorities worldwide.

  • Anglais A Survey of the Almagest

    Olaf Pedersen

    • Springer
    • 12 November 2010

    The Almagest, by the Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy, is the most important surviving treatise on early mathematical astronomy, offering historians valuable insight into the astronomy and mathematics of the ancient world.
    Pedersen's 1974 publication, A Survey of the Almagest, is the most recent in a long tradition of companions to the Almagest. Part paraphrase and part commentary, Pedersen's work has earned the universal praise of historians and serves as the definitive introductory text for students interested in studying the Almagest.
    In this revised edition, Alexander Jones, a distinguished authority on the history of early astronomy, provides supplementary information and commentary to the original text to account for scholarship that has appeared since 1974. This revision also incorporates various corrections to Pedersen's original text that have been identified since its publication.
    This volume is intended to provide students of the history of astronomy with a self-contained introduction to the Almagest, helping them to understand and appreciate Ptolemy's great and classical work.

  • Anglais A Copyright Gambit

    Sunimal Mendis

    European memory institutions are repositories of a wealth of rare documents that record public domain content. These documents are often stored in `dark-archives' to which members of the public are granted limited access, resulting in the public domain content recorded therein being relegated to a form of `forgotten-knowledge'. Digitisation offers a means by which such public domain content can be made speedily and easily accessible to users around the world. For this reason, it has been hailed as the harbinger of a new `digital renaissance'. 
    This book examines the topical issue of the need to preserve exclusivity over digitised versions of rare documents recording public domain content. Based on data gathered through an empirical survey of digitisation projects undertaken by fourteen memory institutions in five European Union Member States, it argues for the introduction of exclusive rights in digitised versions of rare documents recording public domain textual content as a means of incentivising private-sector investment in the digitisation process. It concludes by presenting a detailed proposal for a European Union Regulation that would grant memory institutions a limited-term related right in digitised versions of rare documents held in their collections subject to stringent exceptions and limitations that are designed to safeguard user interests.   

  • The book examines the potential for regional competition law systems as enforcement tools in developing countries, based on a case study of the West African Economic and Monetary Union, the Andean Community and the Caribbean Community.It analyses the allocation of enforcement competences between the regional/supranational and the national level and formulates detailed guidelines on the optimal degree of centralization or decentralization.

    The book addresses all readers that are interested in the enforcement of competition law in developing countries. Moreover, it provides practical insights for public institutions that wish to identify or prevent possible misallocation of competences within regional competition law systems.

empty